By Geoff Kremer
When you have a motor vehicle or more properly, a Hotrod you will need to
There is more to this than meets the eye as I will try to explain.
There are a few things to know about steering a car as follows:
1 Ackerman angle.
3 Bump steer
4 Wheel alignment.
All these things, if you get them right, will help to give you a responsive,
easily controlled and a good handling Rod.
There are two accepted ways of steering a car. 1 Worm and nut steering box. 2
Rack and pinion. Personally I am very biased and would choose rack and pinion
any time but then perhaps you haven't any option but to use a box either way I’ll
try and sort things out for you.
1 Ackerman angle. This the angle the front wheels adopt when turning. It is the
angle that takes into account the fact that one front wheel is going to describe
a different angle to the other front wheel when going around corners. Get this
wrong and you will wear out a set of tyres in no time flat.
2 Caster. This is the steering angle the “king pin” is set at. Get this
wrong and you could end up out of control.
3 Bump steer. This is what happens when the wheels alter their steering angle as
the suspension moves, like above get it wrong and you could end up out of
4 Wheel alignment. Often called “Toe-in or Toe- out”, this can make a big
difference to how the car steers, tyre wear and steering weight.
All will be revealed below.